The basic color of the Flag is black, as national color of New Zealand!
The bottom of the Flag takes red strip that represent beginning and the base of national and cultural heritage of New Zealand. The white strip symbolizes the peace and unity of all of people of New Zealand.
All colors of the Flag also refer to Maori national flag.
The silver fern as iconic symbol of New Zealand is situated in 1st Canton of the flag. Credit for the fern goes to Kyle Lockwood.
The ratio: 1:2