The Southern Cross, Represents our geographic location in the antipodes. The Southern Cross is visible throughout the year in the southern night skies. it helped guide early settlers to our islands. Each star is also representative of the major island groups of NZ- North Island, South Island, Stewart Island, and the Chatham Islands. The Silver Fern, A New Zealand icon for over 160 years, worn proudly by many generations of New Zealanders, from sports people, to military personnel and fire-fighters. The silver fern is an element of indigenous flora representing the growth of our nation. The multiple points of the fern leaf represent Aotearoa's peaceful multicultural society, a single fern leaf spreading upwards represents that we are all New Zealanders - one people - growing onward into the future. Red is a prestigious colour to Māori, Red also represents the sacrifice made by all New Zealanders during wartime. Bright Blue Represents our clear atmosphere, and the Pacific Ocean, over which all New Zealanders, or their ancestors, crossed to get to NZ. Black is NZ's obvious national colour. White represents Aotearoa, ‘Land of the Long White Cloud’, the Māori name for NZ. The colour white also represents peace.