The red in the lower right corner of the flag represents the nurturing deep warmth/ heat of the Earth. It rises to enable growth in the land. The white scroll above the red earth symbolises the mist created by the warmth of the land. In Maori legend, when mist rises from the land, it represents Papatuanuku's (Earth Mother) sighs as she longs for Ranginui (Sky Father). As she awaits, she continues her nurturing of the land. The Silver Fern, The Ponga, is on a black background and identifies with Maori hunters and warriors who used the silver underside of the fern leaves to guide them on their journey home through the forest. When bent over, the fern fronds caught the moonlight and so illuminated the pathways. On the flag the silver fern is pointing towards Te Punga. This is known by the Maori people as 'Our Anchor', depicting the anchor of a Great Sky Canoe. The red, white and blue colours of the flag have been used to provide a degree of continuity and affinity with our current NZ national flag.