The red in the lower right corner represents the warmth of the earth. The white scroll above the earth represents the protective mist created by the warmth of the land. The colour red also reminds us of the sacrifices made by our military personnel during times of war and conflict. The Silver Fern, the Ponga, is set on the black background and points towards Te Punga, the anchor of the Great Sky Canoe. The white scroll in the top left corner symbolises Aotearoa, The Land Of The Long White Cloud.