Flag represents diversity with unity. Fern leaves- communities working together in modern NZ, linked by silver stem for communication, essential for progress.
Specific representation 1840 Treaty: 17 leaves each side, joining together in 18th. 40 points on stars. Leaves on green (land) tangata whenua (iwi & hapu) joined by Treaty (silver) with communities from across sea (ethnic/cultural etc) who came 'under the British flag'. British history/cultural heritage indicated by red-white-blue colouring derived from Union Jack (our fimbrillated stars are unique).
Southern Cross stars: Southness (where we are) but also north-south-east-west symbol meaning people from everywhere are included. Fern: value nature, life, local action - Stars look outward, universal values eg justice, freedom, prosperity, compassion. Fern sporting symbol - Stars other ways NZers shine on world stage. Fern on angle of Southern Alps (green for Pounamu). Stars on angle of Northland peninsula. Both islands together. Star angle seen early morning Waitangi Day. Fern and stars join together in V-victory shape: success as nation when all communities working together, no-one left behind. Paua-shell colours (blue,green, splashes of red,white,grey) represent natural beauty of NZ. With this design can also use red-black flag of honour, red & white ensigns.