The proportions of this flag are 2:1. The design reflects the strength and promise New Zealand derives from the interlacing of the rich cultures that form our common heritage. The symbols used reflect our history, proclaim our place in the world and celebrate the promise of our culturally unified nation. The Koru has rich meaning in Māori culture and is a potent symbol of harmonious nationhood. The unfurling frond represents regeneration, perpetual growth and a vibrant future. The Southern Cross is universally recognized; immediately indicating our geographic place in the world. Shared with other regional nations, this symbol identifies New Zealand as part of the greater South Pacific community. The 8 point star appears on our first national flag, representing the United Tribes of New Zealand. The single prominent star encircled by the Koru therefore has historical significance and suggests that our rich past will help shape a dynamic future. The colours black, red, white and blue represent many free democracies, whilst black, red and white have significance in Māori culture. The use of all four colours and stylised Union Jack elements respects our history, confirms our place among leading democracies and celebrates our cultural heritage.