The fern and the koru will always be part of our collective identity. This flag is not designed to replace them but is an opportunity for another symbol that complements to the story of who we are. Light is important to New Zealand. Our geographical location grants us the first light of each new day. The distinctive qualities of clarity and harshness of our light have been captured in New Zealand paintings where everything in the distance is sharp and the shadows fall to black. Light is central to the creation mythology of Māori with the movement from darkness to light and the separation of Ranginui and Papatūānuku. The design of the flag is based on the refraction of light appearing over our horizon. The pattern is built on the principles of symmetry, reflection and rotation, radiating around a central focal point. The graphic nature of a black and white flag makes it distinguishable from other flags, recognisable when flying in the wind, identifiable when folded or hanging at rest. In support of our nation we already know to paint our faces in the most striking way possible, symmetrical and in black and white. This flag speaks the same language.